Wetland Ecology – Exploring the Wetlands

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The John Gottschalk Boardwalk & Causeway at the Summit Bechtel Reserve.

Do you know what a wetland is? Do you know why they are important? If you said no, then you are in the right place. Our Wetland Ecology activities will help you learn about the role that wetlands play in providing habitat for animals and protecting the environment. Check out the resources below to help you identify some of the animals that call the wetlands of the Summit Bechtel Reserve home.

Wetlands are important because they provide habitat to many different creatures. Certain species of mammals, bird, amphibians, reptiles, fish and insects use wetlands for all or part of their habitat requirements. They also provide many ecosystem services to humans as well. Can you think of a few ways that wetlands help humans and the environment?

Merit Badge Correlations:
    Nature
    Bird Study
    Fish and Wildlife Management
    Reptile and Amphibian Management
Wetland Resources:
    WVOLL Wetland Mitigation Sign (pdf)
    WVOLL Wetland Stewardship Sign (pdf)
    Map of Walter Scott Scouting Valley at SBR (pdf)
    Nature’s Notebook (external link)
    Toads and Frogs of West Virginia – West Virginia Division of Natural Resources (pdf)
Wetland Activities:
    Waterbird Survey Table (pdf)
    Anuran Survey (pdf)

Wetland Species Pictures:

A picture of a Canada goose.

Canada Goose.
(Photo credit: Dick Daniels via Wikimedia Commons.)

A picture of a barn swallow.

Barn Swallow.
(Photo credit: JJ Cadiz, Cajay via Wikimedia Commons.)

A picture of a Killdeer.

Killdeer.
(Photo credit: M.L Haen via Wikimedia Commons.)

A picture of a Great blue heron

Great Blue Heron.
(Photo Credit: Michael L. Baird via Wikimedia Commons.)

A picture of a Belted Kingfisher.

Belted Kingfisher.
(Photo Credit: Teddy Llovet via Wikimedia Commons.)

A picture of a mallard. Used in the WVOLL E-STEM Curriculum.

Mallard.
(Photo credit: Dcoetzee via Wikimedia Commons)

A photo of a Spring Peeper.

Spring Peeper.
(Photo credit: Fungus Guy via Wikimedia Commons)

A picture of an American Bullfrog.

American Bullfrog.
(Photo credit: MONGO via Wikimedia Commons)

A picture of a Northern Greefrog. To be used with the WVOLL Wetland Ecology Curriculum.

Northern Green Frog.
(Photo credit: Katja Schulz via Wikimedia Commons)

A picture of a Pickerel Frog.

Pickerel Frog.
(Photo credit: Sam Hopewell via Wikimedia Commons)


A picture of a Fowler's Toad. To be used with the WVOLL Wetland Ecology Curriculum.

Fowler’s Toad.
(Photo credit: Perlick Laura via Wikimedia Commons)

A picture of a wood frog.

Wood Frog.
Lithobates sylvaticus.
(Photo credit Gary Eslinger/USFWS via Wikimedia Commons).


A picture of a Northern Leopard Frog.

Northern Leopard Frog.
Lithobates pipiens.
(Photo credit Douglas Wilhelm Harder via Wikimedia Commons).


A picture of a gray treefrog.

Gray Treefrog.
Dryophytes versicolor.
(Photo credit Zachary Cava via Wikimedia Commons).


A picture of an Eastern Spadefoot toad.

Eastern Spadefoot.
Scaphiopus holbrookii.
(Photo credit Timdwilliamson via Wikimedia Commons).